Featured Project

Back-Analysis of Initial Stress at Shallow Depth – A Case Study

Project Description

At shallow depth, the initial stress state can significantly affect the behavior of the rock mass around excavations, but stress measurements are usually subjected to high levels of uncertainty. This was the case at the Odenplan railway station in Stockholm where unexpectedly large deformations were measured during the excavation.

Itasca's Role

Itasca conducted a sensitivity analysis of the initial stress state in this area. As the rock mass is highly discontinuous, discrete modeling using 3DEC was performed with three different initial stress cases, estimated from measurements.

Project Results

The results showed that joint slip and rock mass dilatancy explain the large displacements and heaving of the ground and that a continuum approach is not reliable for these conditions. A comparison between the displacements from numerical modeling and those measured in situ provided indication on the range of initial stress to be used in the future for this area.

Project Image(s)

Calculated displacements in the rock mass
Overview of the 3DEC model

Itasca Consultants AB


Civil Engineering

Client Name

BeFo (Swedish Rock Engineering Research Foundation)